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Govt intends to implement all four labour codes  from April 1st, starts drafting rules


The government intends to notify the applicability of all  new four labour laws across the country from April 1 according to media reports.

“We intend to implement the new labour codes from April 1. We have begun the process of giving shape to the rules that are to be framed under the codes and we are confident of finalising them in the last quarter of this fiscal year,” Union Labour and Employment Secretary Apurva Chandra said here on Wednesday.

Industries will have to file a single return to the authorities under the new labour law regime. Further, the number of minimum wages that industries have to comply with is set to reduce to 12, from 540 under central labour laws and to 180-200 under state laws, from 9,000 at present.

An important task would be that states also frame their rules by March 2021. The new codes give powers to state governments to make rules as they will have jurisdiction over most of the establishments. For instance, while the central government will frame around 57 rules for the Industrial Relations Code, 2020, states will have to come up with around 40 rules.

On its part, the central government, which has jurisdiction over sectors, such as coal, mining, banking, and civil aviation, is set to make public the draft rules under the three labour codes by November this year. The rules will be open for public comments for a period of 45 days. The labour secretary had written to the chief secretaries of states earlier this week, asking them to frame the rules soon so that the new codes could be implemented in time.

Though the codes enable the central government to implement the new labour laws in phases, the government is looking at executing them in one shot.

As many as 29 labour laws have been converted into four codes.